Children at risk A combination of drought, high food prices and conflict has led to an emergency in the Horn of Africa, with an estimated 2.3 million children already acutely malnourished and experiencing incredible suffering across Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Tens of thousands of people, including many children, have already lost their lives. [Factsheet: UNICEF Somalia Famine. http://tvnz.co.nz/]
Crowded into camps built to house 90,000 people that are now "home" to more than 300,000, Somali refugees in Dadaab, Kenya, urgently need additional assistance and more shelter. [Doctors Without Borders]
At the beginning of 2011, the number of refugees worldwide was 10.4 million, excluding 4.7 million Palestinian refugees. It is estimated that up to 80% of the world’s refugees are women and children. [Refugee Women's Network]
Leading countries of origin for refugees include: Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Congo, Sudan (Darfur), Myanmar/Burma, Zimbabwe and Bhutan. Many refugees have been in camps for ten years of more.
With more than three million refugees in 75 countries, Afghanistan remained the leading country of origin of refugees in 2010. On average, three out of ten refugees in the world were from Afghanistan, with 96 per cent of them located in Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Afghan and Iraqi refugees accounted for almost half of all refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility worldwide; three out of ten refugees in the world were from Afghanistan (3 million). Afghans were located in 75 different asylum countries. [UNHCR Report]