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Social Justice: Internet Resources

UN Convention on Genocide


 The UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (December 1948) defines genocide as:

  “…any of a number of acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part…”


Internet Resources

  • Sudan Elections April 2010

  • Maps and Facts about Darfur, Sudan 

  • Non-governmental and advocacy organizations 

  • The UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide


EBSCO Host database:

Darfur and International Justice / Eric Reeves. Dissent; Summer 2009; vol. 56 Issue 3, p13-18. 

The Failure of African Aid / Michael C. Moynihan. Reason; Aug/Sep 2009, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p15. Interview. 

Psychological Problems among Aid Workers operating in Darfur. Social Behavior & Personality, 2008, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p407-416. 

36 Child Soldiers demobilized in North Darfur. Sudan Tribune; 07/28/2009.

Training Traditional Birth Attendants in Southern Sudan. Creative Nursing; 2008, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p178-181

Internet Resources

University of Texas Library

Maps illustrating what’s going on in Sudan


UN Sudan Information Gateway has maps of all types


United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Website has many links to the situation in Darfur.


US Department of State. Background Notes: Sudan (14 pages). Or Search Darfur for links.


 CIA World FactBook. Profiles of countries and territories around the world. Information on geography, people, government, transportation, economy, communications, ...


Council on Foreign Relations. "...focuses on the most significant foreign policy issues facing the United States and the international community today..."

Crisis Guide: Darfur


Non-governmental and Advocacy Organizations

STAND   Students Organized Against Genocide


!ENOUGH Project to end genocide and crimes against humanity


International Crisis Group 

Working to prevent conflict worldwide

Search: Darfur for multiple papers, reports, interviews, etc., or Search by Region: Africa


Genocide Intervention Network


SaveDarfur Coalition


Physicians for Human Rights

Search: Darfur

Students Taking Action on Darfur


DAMANGA: Coalition for Freedom and Democracy

Founded by leaders of the Representatives of the Massaleit Community in Exile

Southern Sudan

Sudan Elections 2010

Sudan Advocacy Groups Call for Stronger Action After Rigged Elections

sudanpoll-1In the wake of last week's fundamentally flawed elections in Sudan, Enough and other advocacy groups are calling for the Obama administration to refuse to legitimize the election results and take a firm stance to ensure peace and justice in Sudan. While the White House acknowledged yesterday that the elections did not meet international standards, it failed to demonstrate that it plans to implement a policy of pressures and consequences to avoid a return to full-scale war and prevent manipulation of the upcoming referendum on southern independence by Khartoum. Read the full statement from Enough and partner organizations.

Maggie Fick reported on the elections in a dispatch in Foreign Policy, and in an online forum hosted by PBS NewsHour discussing the political and technical problems surrounding the elections, and describing the challenges voters faced as they attempted to vote at polling stations throughout Juba. To learn more about the repercussions of the elections, watch a video discussion with John Prendergast, Omer Ismail, and Voices for Sudan's Jimmy Mulla.

Visit Enough Said for more updates and analysis of the elections, and stay tuned for an upcoming report assessing Sudan's progress toward meeting key benchmarks, to coincide with the National Security Council's second quarterly deputies meeting on Sudan policy.

[Photo: A poll worker in Juba. Credit: Maggie Fick/Enough.]