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POL 499: Senior Seminar [Winston Churchill]: Further Research

Senior Seminar in Political Science

Primary Sources

A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created by someone who lived through the event/time period. 

Secondary Sources

A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event.

Examples of secondary sources include:

  • A journal/magazine article which interprets or reviews previous findings 
  • A history textbook 
  • A book about the effects of WWI 
  • To obtain better results, searching using "Winston Churchill" AND "topic", with the  "topic" representing the idea, person, subject you are interested in.

Books you might want to investigate

Time line of some events, with books listed that cover that topic

Mines Act 1908, which provided for an 8-hour day in all mines

Trades Boards Act 1909 which established the first minimum wage system

Labour Exchanges Act 1909 setting up offices to help unemployed people find work.

National Insurance Act 1911 providing sickness and unemployment benefits.

The Gathering Storm by Winston S. Churchill 1919-1940

1915 Gallipoli campaign, Naval Attack on Turkey

  • The Dardanelles Disaster: Winston Churchill's Greatest Failure [Kindle Edition] by Dan Van Der Vat

 1919 Substantially reduced the RAF as Secretary of State for Air

 1922 He was in charge of drawing the map of much of the Middle East - See more at:

Iraq, Turkey, Greece.... the Kurds..... Modern Day Middle East

1925  as Chancellor of the Exchequer he took Britain back on to the gold standard at the pre-war fix of $4.86 to the pound.

1929 he began his “wilderness years”, and adopted resistance to Indian self-government as one of his main causes. Could have gotten involved and rallied the British public much earlier if he had mended fences with his “Frenemies”? (Eden coalition)

1932 - opposed those who advocated giving Germany the right to military parity with France,

 Wrote The Gathering Storm (call # D743 .C47 v.1), and tried to warn of Hitler’s intent.

1936 Churchill was passed over for the post of Minister for Co-ordination of Defence; could he have obtained that post and accelerated Britiain’s military defense preparations?

Norway After Germany had occupied Norway and most of the German navy had been sunk or severely damaged, the British and French navies withdrew, rendering moot the lost ships, planes and men and allowing Germany use of a very long coast to sink the allied ships with submarines and planes, to attack the USSR from northern Finland and to bomb Scotland.

Year by Year: 1936 (Films on Demand)

1939 Poland over-run by Germany. Allies do not come to assistance.

  •  No Greater Ally: The Untold Story of Poland's Forces in World War II by  Kenneth K. Koskodan

1939 Chamberlain appointed Churchill to the Cabinet as the First Lord of the Admiralty

1940 (July 3) Operation Catapult: Sinking of French Fleet.

1940 Battle of Dunkirk Churchill “ It was a colossal military disaster..wars are not won by evacuations”

1941 Churchill again pleads with the US: "give us the tools."

1942 World War II: Exeter becomes the first city bombed

1943 Construction of prototype Mark I Colossus computer, the world's first totally electronic programmable computing device, at the Post Office Research Station, Dollis Hill, to assist in cryptanalysis at Bletchley Park, is completed







Subject Guide