MAT 003

- Whole NumbersIf it has been a while since you have studied math, it can be helpful to review basic topics. In this chapter, we will focus on numbers used for counting as well as four arithmetic operationsâ€”addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. We will also discuss some vocabulary that we will use throughout this book.
- Intro to Integers and Number LinesThe opposite of a number is the number that is the same distance from zero on the number line, but on the opposite side of zero. Just as the same word in English can have different meanings, the same symbol in algebra can have different meanings. So, in opposite notation, -a means the opposite of the number a. Integers are counting numbers, their opposites, and zero. The absolute value of a number is its distance from 0 on the number line.

- FractionsOften in life, whole amounts are not exactly what we need. A baker must use a little more than a cup of milk or part of a teaspoon of sugar. Similarly a carpenter might need less than a foot of wood and a painter might use part of a gallon of paint. In this chapter, we will learn about numbers that describe parts of a whole. These numbers, called fractions, are very useful both in algebra and in everyday life. You will discover that you are already familiar with many examples of fractions!

- The language of AlgebraYou may not realize it, but you already use algebra every day. Perhaps you figure out how much to tip a server in a restaurant. Maybe you calculate the amount of change you should get when you pay for something. It could even be when you compare batting averages of your favorite players. You can describe the algebra you use in specific words, and follow an orderly process. In this chapter, you will explore the words used to describe algebra and start on your path to solving algebraic problems easily, both in class and in your everyday life.
- The properties of real numbersA quilt is formed by sewing many different pieces of fabric together. The pieces can vary in color, size, and shape. The combinations of different kinds of pieces provide for an endless possibility of patterns. Much like the pieces of fabric, mathematicians distinguish among different types of numbers. The kinds of numbers in an expression provide for an endless possibility of outcomes. We have already described counting numbers, whole numbers, and integers. In this chapter, we will learn about other types of numbers and their properties.